Primary indication: lateral patellar instability. The aim of MPFL reconstruction surgery is to restore the functional stability of the knee without compromising other joint functions.
Various techniques may be used for patellofemoral ligament reconstruction surgery ; eg. Patella tendon, adductor or hamstring graft. The graft substance could be:
- Autograft: This involves the grafting of bone or tissue from the patient’s body. The patella tendon, hamstrings and achilles tendon are autografts used.
- Allograft: is the use of bone or tissue from a donor’s (typically a cadaver’s body) body.
- Improved knee stability
- Improved function / mobility
- Reduced pain
- It may take up to twelve months for a full recovery and return to sport
- Nerve damage
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Persistent / Recurrent pain
- Recurrent dislocation
- Failure of graft
- Recurrent swelling
- Altered sensation in the knee post-operatively
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